Skilled Visa Points Test
What is the points test?
If you apply for a visa to work in Australia, you might have to pass the points test.
The points test is used to help Australia select people who have the skills and attributes it needs.
The number of points you need to pass the points test depends on the visa you apply for.
You can be given points for a number of reasons, including your:
- English language ability
- Australian work experience and Australian qualifications.
Skill select and Expression of Interest (EOI)
A potential applicant for a points-tested general skilled migration visa (subclass 189, 190 and 489) must first submit an EOI online, and cannot apply for the visa until an invitation to apply has been received.
If you are successful in receiving an invitation to apply, you have 2 months to submit a formal visa application.
How to calculate the points test
Eligibility for points is determined by the applicant’s age at the time of receiving an invitation to apply. If an applicant is aged between 45 and 49 years of age, they will be able to apply for a visa, but no points will be awarded for age:
Better English levels
For all skilled migration points tested visas, the threshold English language requirement will be competent English, which is a minimum score of 6 in each of the four components of the International English Language Testing System (IELTS) test or other language test specified by the Minister. While no points will be awarded for competent English, applicants who have obtained this score are able to apply for a visa as long as they meet the other threshold visa requirements.
Applicants who hold a valid passport and are citizens of the United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, the United States of America or the Republic of Ireland are deemed to meet competent English language requirement.
To claim points for proficient or superior English language all applicants, including citizens of United Kingdom, Canada, New Zealand, the United States of America or the Republic of Ireland, will need to complete an English language test. The test must be completed before the visa application is lodged.
The points test awards points for English language ability as follows:
|Description of English Language Ability||Points|
|Superior English (a score of at least 8 in each of the four components of the IELTS test, or equivalent standard in a specified test)||20|
|Proficient English (a score of at least 7 in each of the four components of the IELTS test, or equivalent standard in a specified test)||10|
|Competent English (a score of 6 in each of the four components of the IELTS test, or equivalent standard in specific test)||0|
Points will be awarded for employment in a skilled occupation, either in Australia or overseas. To claim points for skilled employment, the experience must be in an applicant’s nominated occupation, or a closely related occupation. Where applicable, applicants can claim points for both Australian skilled employment and overseas skilled employment under the points test. Applicants will be awarded points based on demonstration of a verifiable skilled employment history undertaken in the last 10 years as follows: Australian skilled employment in their nominated occupation or a closely related occupation.
Australian skilled employment in their nominated occupation or a closely related occupation
|In the 10 years immediately before the time of invitation to apply, the applicant had been employed in Australia in the nominated skilled occupation or a closely related skilled occupation for a period totally:||Points|
|Less than 12 months||0|
|At least 12 months (1 year)||5|
|At least 36 months (3 years)||10|
|At least 60 months (5 years)||15|
|At least 96 months (8 years)||20|
Overseas skilled employment in their nominated occupation or a closely related occupation.
|In the 10 years immediately before the time of invitation to apply, the applicant had been employed outside Australia in the nominated skilled occupation or a closely related skilled occupation for a period totally:||Points|
|Less than 36 months||0|
|At least 36 months (3 years)||5|
|At least 60 months (5 years)||10|
|At least 96 months (8 years)||15|
Australian and overseas employment over the past ten years can be combined, however the maximum number of points that can be awarded for Australian or overseas employment experience or combinations of both is 20 points. For the purpose of awarding points, the department considers skilled employment in the nominated occupation or a closely related occupation will comprise at least 20 hours employment per week. In determining whether an applicant’s skilled employment is closely related to their nominated occupation, the department will take into consideration the occupations within one unit group classified under Australian and New Zealand Standard Classification of Occupations (ANZSCO). Further information about ANZSCO can be found on the department’s website.
Generally, applicants will be able to request an opinion about their skilled employment claims from the relevant assessing authority when seeking their skills assessment. For further information about this process, applicants should contact the relevant assessing authority.
Points can only be awarded for the highest qualification attained.
Example: If an applicant is assessed as having completed a Bachelors Degree and a Doctorate Degree, they will only be able to claim points for the Doctorate Degree. The following table outlines the number of points awarded for an applicant’s highest education qualification:
|Description of Education Qualifications||Points|
|At least a Bachelor Degree||15|
|Australian Diploma or trade qualification||10|
|Award or qualification recognised by the assessing authority in the assessment of the skilled occupation||10|
To claim points for a qualification obtained overseas, the qualification will need to be recognised as being of a standard comparable to the relevant Australian level qualification. Generally, applicants will be able to request an opinion on their qualification claims from the relevant assessing authority when seeking their skills assessment. For further information about this process, applicants should contact the relevant assessing authority.
An applicant may also be able to claim points for a qualification not related to their nominated occupation, for example they may hold a trade qualification related to their nominated occupation and an unrelated Bachelor degree. If the assessing authority conducting their skills assessment cannot provide an opinion on the non related qualification, applicants should contact the Vocational Education Training and Assessment Services (VETASSESS). VETASSESS is the national assessing authority for a broad range of management, administration, professional and associate professional occupations.
Australian study requirement
Five points can also be claimed by those applicants who have studied in Australia to use the same period of study to claim points for their qualification and for meeting the Australian study requirement. To claim points for an Australian qualification, the qualification must have been undertaken while the applicant was in Australia and it must have been completed as the result of a course of study that was at least two academic years (that is 92 weeks as registered on the Commonwealth Register of Institutions and Courses for Overseas Students (CRICOS)). Study must be closely related to the applicant’s nominated skilled occupation.
Study in a regional area
Five points can also be claimed for those applicants who satisfy the Australia study requirement while studying in regional Australia.
Completion of a Professional Year
Five points can also be claimed for those applicants who complete an approved Professional Year in their nominated occupation or a closely related skilled occupation.
Credentialed Community language
Five points can also be claimed for those applicants who meet the requirements for credentialed community language.
The points test awards points to applicants accredited at the para-professional level or above by the National Accreditation Authority for Translators and Interpreters (NAATI) as either a translator or interpreter. Applicants will no longer be able to claim points for designated language on the basis of having obtained a qualification from a university where instruction was in that language.
Five points can also be claimed for those where the primary applicant’s partner satisfies the threshold criteria for a visa.
To claim partner points the primary applicant’s partner will need to meet the following criteria:
- be included on the same visa application as the primary applicant
- not be an Australian permanent resident or citizen
- be less than 50 years old at the time of application
- nominate an occupation on the same SOL as the primary applicant, and be assessed by the relevant assessing authority as having suitable skills for the occupation
- have competent English
- have been employed in a skilled occupation for at least 12 months in the 24 months before the application is lodged, or completed the Australian Study Requirement.
State or Territory nomination and designated area sponsorship
Points will be awarded for nominated sponsorship as follows:
|Description of Sponsorship||Points|
|Nomination by a state or territory government under a State migration plan, for the purposes of applying for a Skilled Nominated (190) visa||5|
|The applicant has been invited to apply for the Skilled Regional (489)(provisional) visa, and:
Department of Immigration Factsheet & Points Table Summary: download here